Burundi is a least-developed Sub-Saharan country (LDC) which is trying to find its way forward after many years of civil war. Its GNI per capita has gone from US $ 90 in 2005 to US $ 160 in 2011. The range of problems facing the government is such that little attention has been paid to improving the business climate. In several respects conditions have worsened: while it took 433 days to enforce a contract in 2005, it would take 832 days in 2011. Also, an overall tax rate of 153,4 % of profits in 2010 is sure to discourage entrepreneurs from moving into the formal sector.
Unsurprisingly, Burundi’s WB Doing Business ranking has gone from 143rd in 2006 to 169th in 2012.
Burundi’s employers’ national and international interests are being represented by the Association des Employeurs du Burundi (AEB), member of the International Organisation of Employers. DECP paid a fact-finding mission to Burundi in 2009 and decided to start working with the AEB as well as with the Association des Femmes Entrepreneurs du Burundi (AFAB). DECP supports a feasibility study by AEB about the setting-up of a "mutual insurance for health care" for the workers of Burundi's private sector.